Waste when improperly disposed of can be an environmental hazard. Improper garbage disposal has huge impacts on our environment and can cause serious problems. This also pose threats to human health and the environment. Waste releases toxins into the soil and water, and also releases greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere which contributes to climate change.
Wrongly managed waste disposal has major consequences on our Sydney environment. Some of the common environmental effects include:
Wastes that are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies negatively change the chemical composition of the water. This affects all ecosystems existing in the water. Water pollution affects plants and organisms living in these bodies of water. Some of the effects of water pollution are unbalanced river and lake ecosystems, deforestation from acid rain and habitat degradation.
Hazardous chemicals that get into the soil can harm plants when they take up the contamination through their roots. This also has a negative impact to human health. Soil that has been contaminated should no longer be used to grow food as the chemicals can seep into the food and harm people who eat it. Furthermore, the pollutants will change the makeup of the soil and the types of microorganisms that will live in it changing the whole ecosystem. Soil pollutants eventually leach through the soil and into groundwater polluting local water sources including wells and springs.
Bad waste management practices can result in air pollution. Air pollution can lead to acid rain and affect the air quality index. Air pollution also destroys the ozone layer and is the cause of global ozone depletion. This depletion has been caused largely by the emission of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) from refrigerators, air conditioners, and aerosols. Ozone depletion can increase the amount of ultraviolet radiation reaching the earth which damages crops and plants.
Improper waste disposal on any scale can create environmental and health problems, as well as economic concerns. Reducing waste means less environmental impact, less resources and less energy used. Let us do our part in protecting the environment by properly disposing our wastes.
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